JAC Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 5 Women Change the World
JAC Class 7th Civics Women Change the World InText Questions and Answers
Fill in the table below. Add up the number of male and female images separately for each occupation.
|Category||Male Image||Female Image|
(a) Are there more images of men than women?
(b) In what kinds of jobs were there more images of men than women?
(c) Have all the nurses been drawn as females? Why?
(d) Are there fewer images of female farmers? If so, why?
(a) Yes, there more images of men than women.
(b) Men are mostly employed more in all of the above works such as fanner, scientist, pilot, etc. than . women.
(c) Yes, all the nurses have been drawn as females. The women are more patient and take good care of people than men so the number of nurses is more as women.
(d) Yes, there are fewer images of female farmers. The reason is that farming is very tough and strenuous job. Physical work such as ploughing, sowing, harvesting, threshing etc. are very tough. They majorly assist their male partners but now a days we can see many women in the field doing this job.
How does your class exercise compare with Rosie Ma’am’s class exercise?
|Category||Male Image||Female Image|
The exercise done and that of Rosie Ma’am is same in the numbers of images in the categories, the male numbers are also more as ours. No comparison can be done.
Read the story given in the book and answer the questions:
(a) If you were Xavier, what subject would you choose and why?
(b) In your experience, what are some of the other pressures that boys experience?
(a) If I were Xavier then I would choose History because this helps us to know the past and about our culture as well. Apart from this, I am very much interested about past to learn.
(b) The other pressures that boys experience are that there parents want them to study mostly, science, maths, computers which can bring them excellent and high profile jobs. They are also pressurized to think about getting a good job that will pay them a lucrative salary. Even if they are interested. in History or Geography, then they won’t be able to study as there parents don’t want.
Question 4. Study the table below and answer the following questions:
|Boy Girls Tbtal||Boy Girts Tntal||BOy Girls Total|
|Primary (Classes 1-5)||4.36 3.88 4.13||4.71 4.20 4.46||7.02 6.84 6.93|
|Lpper’Primary (( lasses 6-8) .||3.49 4.60 4.03||5.00 6.03 5.51||8.48 8.71 8.59|
|Secondary (Classes 9-10)||17.21 16.88 17.06||19.64 19.05 19.36||24.94 24.40 24.68|
(a) What percentage of children leave school at the elementary level?
(b) At which level of education do you see the highest percentage of children leaving?
(c) Why do you think that the percentage of Adivasi girls and boys leaving school is higher than that of any other group?
(a) The percentage of children leave school at the elementary level is 52%.
(b) At secondary level of education, we see the highest percentage of children leaving.
(c) The percentage of Adivasi girls and boys leaving school is higher than that of any other group because in rural and poor regions of our country, there are no proper schools. Hence, there are no teachers to teach them. They are sometimes discriminated by the teachers and the students. If the school is far from there home and transport facility is not available then they don’t send their children to school.
From the given table, convert the figures of primary class children who leave school into a bar diagram. Two percentages have already been converted for you in the bar diagram on the left.
Students need to do it own their own.
JAC Class 7th Civics Women Change the World Textbook Questions and Answers
How do you think stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, affect women’s right to equality?
Most of the time women are considered lower in status to men. There is a belief that women lack the technical mind and hence, cannot be a scientist. Women are always considered that they are good in taking care of people and are patient. So, they can be teachers, nurses, etc. these stereotypes about women affect women’s right to equality very badly. Due to this rationale behaviour and cause women are paid less than men.
List one reason why learning the alphabet was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya.
Learning the alphabet was so important to women like Rashsundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya because they were able to write only after that. The stories, autobiographies which explained and described their own experiences about inequality.
“Poor girls drop out of school because they are not interested in getting an education.” Re-read the last paragraph on page 62 and explain why this statement is not true.
Poor girls do not leave school on then wish but they are compelled to do so because they are from those regions of the country where there is no school, no teacher. If they have school which is not near to their home, their parent won’t send them as they do not have transport facilities also.
Can you describe two methods of struggle that the women’s movement used to raise issues? If you had to organise a struggle against stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, what method would you employ from the ones that you have read about? Why would you choose this particular method?
Many methods of struggle have been used in women’s movement to raise their voice on different issues. Two methods are:
- One of the important part of women’s movement is campaigning. It fights violence, discrimination against women. New laws have been passed due to campaigning.
- The women’s movement led the Supreme Court to formulate rules and guidelines in 1997 to protect women against any type of harassment such as sexual harassment in workplace. Harassment at home in the form of dowry. Voices has been raised against it as well.
- When violations against women happened, the women’s movement raised its voice. The powerful way of drawing attention are bringing out rallies and demonstrations against injustice.
I would like to employ the method of raising awareness if I had to organise a struggle against the stereotypes. Awareness can work effectively while pressurizing sometimes doesn’t work. Through street plays, nukkad natak, songs, public meetings, we can realize the common people about the injustice which is happening.
JAC Class 7thCivics Women Change the World Important Questions and Answers
Multiple Choice Questions
‘Amar Jiban ’ was written by
(a) Rashsundari Devi
(c) Sarojini Naidu
(d) Rani Lakshmibai
(a) Rashsundari Devi
The International Women’s Day is celebrated on
(a) 6th March
(b) 8th April
(c) 8th March
(d) 8th May
(c) 8th March
The first women driver of Northern railways is
(a) Lakshmi Leela
(b) Laxmi Lakra
(c) Satundarya Devi
(d) Bachendri Pal
(b) Laxmi Lakra
Female are engaged in as …… more than males.
(b) factory workers
For spreading awareness amongst the common people are
(b) public meetings
(c) street plays
(d) All of the above
(d) All of the above
The National Commission on Women was established in India in
The title ‘Pandita’ was given to
(b) Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain
(c) Laxmi Lakra
(d) None of the above
Scheduled Tribe is the official term for
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) Either (a) or (b)
Ramabai set up a Mission in 0……… near Pune.
Satyarani was a
(a) first engine driver
(b) first commercial pilot
(c) active member of…… women’s Movement
(d) first woman lawyer
(c) active member of…… women’s Movement
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Who wrote Sultana’s Dream and in which year?
Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain wrote Sultana’s Dream and in the year 1905.
Why was Satyarani’s daughter murdered?
Satyarani’s daughter was murdered for dowry.
What type of agricultural work women do?
The type of agricultural work women do are ploughing, planting, weeding, harvesting and threshing.
What is the percentage of women in India who are engaged in agricultural work?
The percentage of women in India who are engaged in agricultural work is 83.6%.
What are the different means of raising awareness among the people?
Message can be spread through street plays, songs and public meetings.
Why girls cannot continue their education mostly in rural areas?
Girls cannot continue their education mostly in rural areas because of poverty and discrimination.
What reasons led some women to question the situation of women in society?
The reasons which led some women to question the situation of women in society are learning to read and write.
In what ways did Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain learn to read and write Bangla and English?
Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain learnt to read and write Bangla and English with the support of her elder brother and an elder sister.
What do you mean by woman entrepreneur?
A woman who takes initiatives, organises and operates a business enterprise is called as woman entrepreneur.
Women’s economic work is underestimated ih different reports in India. Why?
Women’s economic work is underestimated in different reports in India because they are mostly employed in unorganised sectors.
Short Answer Type Questions
In what ways did Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain help the other girls?
Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain’s education gave her the power not only to dream and write but also to do more such as to help other girls go to school and to build their own dreams. In 1910, she started a school for girls in Kolkata and till date the school is still functioning.
Government of India conduct census every 10 years. Why?
Government of India conduct census every 10 years which counts the whole population of the country. It also gathers detailed information about the people living in India such as their age, schooling, what work they do, where do they live, how many members in the family and so on. This information is used to measure many things like the number of literate people and the ratio of men and women.
Who was Rashsundari Devi and what did she write in her autobiography?
Rashsundari Devi was a housewife from a rich landlord’s family. At the age of 60, she wrote her autobiography in Bangla. Her book titled Amar Jiban is the first known autobiography written by an Indian woman. She wrote about her everyday life experiences in details in her autobiography which was written some 200 years ago.
Write a short note on Sultana’s Dream.
The story imagined about a woman named Sultana who reaches a place called Ladyland. Ladyland is a place where women had the freedom to study, work, and create inventions and discoveries such as controlling rain V from the clouds and flying air cars etc. In this Ladyland, the men had been sent into seclusion, their aggressive guns and other weapons of war defeated by the brain-power of women. This book was written by Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain at the age of 25 years in 1905.
Who started a mission in Khedgaon near Pune in 1898? What was the mission about and how did it help the women?
Ramabai started a Mission in Khedgaon near Pune in 1898 where widows and poor women were encouraged not only to become literate but to be independent. They were taught different skills from carpentry to running a printing press, the skills which are not usually taught to girls even today. Ramabai’s Mission is still active today.
Explain the terms Discrimination, Violation and Sexual harassments.
When we do not treat people equally or with respect, we are indulging in discrimination. It generally happens when people or organisations act on their prejudices. Discrimination usually takes place when we treat someone differently or make a distinction or biased with someone.
When someone forcefully breaks the law or a mle or openly shows disrespect or doesn’t follow the law, we say that he or she has committed a violation.
It refers to physical or verbal behaviour that is of a sexual nature and against the wishes of a woman. When women are abused as well, we say that she has been harassed.
Brief in short about Rashsundari Devi and her contribution in improving women situation in the society.
Rashsundari Devi was bom in West Bengal some 200 years ago. At the age of 60, she wrote her autobiography in Bangla and Amar Jiban is the first known autobiography written by an Indian woman. Rashsundari Devi was a housewife from a rich landlord’s family. At that time, it was believed that if a woman learnt to read and write, she would bring bad luck to her husband and become a widow. Despite this, she taught herself how to read and write in secret, well after her marriage. She led the way that it was superstitions those held women back as not to make them educated.
What is the major reason of concern though the literacy rate have increased after independence.
It is quite relevant that the literacy rate have increased after independence. According to the 1961 census, about 40 per cent of all boys and men were literate compared to just 15 per cent of all girls and women. In the census of 2001, these figures have grown to 76 per cent for boys and men, and 54 per cent for girls and women. It means that the ratio of both men and women who are now able to read and have at least some amount of schooling has increased. But the major concern is that the percentage of the male group is still higher than the female group. The gap has not gone away. Still there is discrimination between boys and girls in India.
Long Answer Type Questions
Discuss in brief tbe life history of Laxmi Lakra.
Laxmi Lakra :
- Laxmi Lakra is from a poor tribal family in Jharkhand. She is the first woman engine driver for Northern Railways.
- Laxmi studied in a government school. She studied hard and did well and then went on to get a diploma in electronics.
- She then took the railway board exam and passed it on her first attempt. In this way she broke the stereotype that engine drivers could be men only.
- Laxmi says, ‘I love challenges and the moment somebody says it is not for girls, I make sure I go ahead and do it.’
- Laxmi has had to do this several times in her life as such instances came many a times ,when she wanted to take electronics; when she rode motorcycles at the polytechnic; when she decided to become an engine driver.
Explain the different ways which women apply to fight discrimination and seek justice.
The different ways which women apply to fight discrimination and seek justice:
- Raising Awareness :
women work hard to raise awareness on women’s rights issues. They do these through various means such as street plays or nukkad natak, songs, public meetings, etc.
- Protesting :
women rise in protest whenever a law or policy acts against the betterment or interest of women by holding public rallies, demonstrations. These are the powerful and substantial methods of drawing attention to injustice which is happening.
- Campaigning :
It has led to a new law which has been passed in 2006. This law gives protection to women against dowry solidarity with other women and for their causes and pains.