# JAC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry Ex 7.1

Jharkhand Board JAC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry Ex 7.1 Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

## JAC Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry Exercise 7.1

Question 1.
Find the distance between the following pairs of points :
1. (2, 3), (4, 1)
2. (- 5, 7), (1, 3)
3. (a, b), (- a, – b)
1. Let A (2, 3) and B (4, 1) be the given points. Then,
AB = $$\sqrt{(2-4)^2+(3-1)^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{4+4}$$ = $$\sqrt{8}$$ = 2$$\sqrt{2}$$
Thus, the distance between the given points is 2$$\sqrt{2}$$.

2. Let A (- 5, 7) and B (- 1, 3) be the given points. Then,
AB = $$\sqrt{(-5+1)^2+(7-3)^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{16+16}$$ = $$\sqrt{32}$$ = 4$$\sqrt{2}$$
Thus, the distance between the given points is 4$$\sqrt{2}$$.

3. Let P (a, b) and Q(- a, – b) be the given points. Then,
PQ = $$\sqrt{(a+a)^2+(b+b)^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{4 a^2+4 b^2}$$
= 2$$\sqrt{a^2+b^2}$$
Thus, the distance between the given points is 2$$\sqrt{a^2+b^2}$$.

Question 2.
Find the distance between the points (0, 0) and (36, 15). Can you now find the distance between the two towns A and B discussed in section 7.2.
Let A (0, 0) and B (36, 15) be the given points.
Then,
AB = $$\sqrt{(0-36)^2+(0-15)^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{1296+225}$$ = $$\sqrt{1521}$$ = 39
Thus, the distance between the given points is 39.
Yes, now we can find the distance between the two towns A and B discussed in section 7.2 in the textbook.

Town B is located 36 km east and 15 km north of the town B. So, if we take town A to be situated at the origin with coordinates (0, 0) then the coordinates of town B become (36, 15). Now, as calculated above, the distance between A(0, 0) and B (36, 15) is 39. Hence, the distance between town A and town B is 39 km.

Question 3.
Determine if the points (1, 5), (2, 3) and (- 2, – 11) are collinear.
Let A(1, 5), B(2, 3) and C (- 2, – 11) be the given points. Then,

Now, 14.56 + 2.24 = 16.80 ≠ 16.28
Thus, AB + BC ≠ AC
Moreover, BC + AC ≠ AB and AC + AB ≠ BC are obvious.
Hence, the given points are not collinear.

Question 4.
Check whether (5, – 2), (6, 4) and (7, – 2) are the vertices of an isosceles triangle.
Let the given points A (5, – 2), B (6, 4) and C(7, – 2) be the vertices of ΔABC. Then,

Here, in ΔABC, AB = BC ≠ AC.
Hence, ABC is an isosceles triangle.
Thus, the given points (5, – 2), (6, 4) and (7, – 2) are the vertices of an isosceles triangle.

Question 5.
In a classroom, 4 friends are seated at the points A, B, C and D as shown in the given figure. Champa and Chameli walk into the class and after observing for a few minutes Champa asks Chameli, “Don’t you think ABCD is a square?” Chameli disagrees. Using distance formula, find which of them is correct.

Here A(3, 4), B(6, 7), C (9, 4) and D(6, 1) give the position of points where those four friends are seated. Then,

AB = BC = CD = DA and AC = BD.
In other words, all the sides of quadrilateral ABCD are equal and its diagonals are also equal.
Hence, ABCD is a square.
So. Champa is correct stating that ABCD is a square.

Question 6.
Name the type of quadrilateral formed, if any, by the following points, and give reasons for your answer:
1. (- 1, – 2), (1, 0), (1, 2), (- 3, 0)
2. (- 3, 5), (3, 1), (0, 3), (- 1, – 4)
3. (4, 5), (7, 6), (4, 3), (1, 2)
1. If possible, let A (- 1, – 2), B(1, 0), C(- 1, 2) and D(- 3, 0) be the vertices of quadrilateral ABCD. Then,

AB = BC = CD = DA and AC = BD.
Hence, ABCD is a square.

2. If possible, let A (- 3, 5), B(3, 1), C(0, 3) and D(- 1, – 4) be the vertices of quadrilateral ABCD. Then,

Hence, A, B and C are collinear points in which C lies between A and B.
Hence, A, B, C and D do not form a quadrilateral.

3. If possible, let A (4, 5), B(7, 6), C(4, 3) and D (1, 2) be the vertices of quadrilateral ABCD. Then,

Thus, in quadrilateral ABCD, AB = CD, BC = DA, i.e., both the pairs of opposite sides are equal, but AC ≠ BD. i.e.. diagonals are not equal.
Hence, ABCD is a parallelogram.

Question 7.
Find the point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2,-5) and (-2, 9).
Here, A (2, – 5) and B(- 2, 9) are two given points.
Coordinates of any point of the x-axis are of the form (x, 0).
Let P(x, 0) be the required point on the x-axis which is equidistant from A and B.
So, PA = PB
∴ PA² = PB²
∴ (x – 2)² + (0 + 5)² = (x + 2)² +(0 – 9)²
∴ x² – 4x + 4 + 25 = x² + 4x + 4 + 81
∴ -8x=56
∴ x = – 7
Thus, the required point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2, – 5) and (- 2, 9) is (- 7, 0).

Question 8.
Find the values of y for which the distance between the points P (2, – 3) and Q(10, y) is 10 units.
The distance between P(2, – 3) and 9(10, y) is given to be 10.
∴ PQ = 10
∴ PQ² = 100
∴ (2 – 10)² + (- 3 – y)² = 100
∴ 64 + 9 + 6y + y² = 100
∴ y² + 6y – 27 = 0
∴ (y + 9) (y – 3) = 0
∴ y + 9 = 0 or y – 3 = 0
∴ y = – 9 or y = 3
Thus, the required values of y are – 9 and 3.

Question 9.
If Q(0, 1) is equidistant from P (5, – 3) and R(x, 6), find the values of x. Also find the distances QR and PR.
Q(0, 1) is equidistant from P(5, -3) and R (x, 6).
∴ PQ = RQ
∴ PQ² = RQ²
∴ (5 – 0)² + (- 3 – 1)² = (x – 0)² + (6 – 1)²
∴ 25 + 16 = x² + 25
∴ x² = 16
∴ x = ± 4
∴ x = 4 or x = – 4

Thus, x = ± 4, QR = $$\sqrt{41}$$ and PR = $$\sqrt{82}$$ or 9$$\sqrt{2}$$.

Question 10.
Find a relation between x and y such that the point (x, y) is equidistant from the point (3, 6) and (- 3, 4).