JAC Board Class 7 Social Science Notes Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works
→ Government works at three levels, they,are local, state and national.
→ Who is an MLA?
- Members of the Legislative Assembly or MLAs are elected by the people. They then become members of the legislative assembly and also form the government. Hence, the MLAs represent people.
- In India, every state has a Legislative Assembly. And, each state is divided into different areas or constituencies.
- For example, Himachal Pradesh is divided into 68 assembly constituencies. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). These people who stand for election are from different parties.
- A political party whose MLAs have won mote than half the number of constituencies in a.state can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has the majority is known as the ruling party and all other members are known as opposition.
- After the elections, the MLAs belonging to the ruling or of majority party will elect their leader as who will become the chief minister.
- The chief minister then selects other ministers for his government. After the elections, the Governor of the state appoints the chief minister and other ministers.
- A Legislative Assembly is a place where all the MLAs, whether from the ruling party or from the opposition meet to discuss various things about their state. Hence, some MLAs have dual responsibilitie-one as an MLA and the other as a minister.
→ A Debate in the Legislative Assembly:
- In a democracy, the members of the Legislative Assembly can ask questions, debate on important issue, decide where money should be spent, etc. They have the main authority.
- The MLAs are together responsible for the work of the government. Here, the word ‘government’ refers to government departments and various ministers who head them. The overall head is the chief minister.
- This is known as the executive part of the government. All the MLAs who assemble together in the legislative assembly are known as the Legislature. They are the ones who authorize and supervise their work.
→ Working of the Government:
- In a democracy, there are many ways through which people express their views and also take action.
- Sometimes after the discussion in the assembly, press conference are organised by the minister.
- Ministers also visit the areas where there are problems and meet the suffered people.
The government announces compensations as well as solves the problems faced by the suffered families.
- Enquiry committees are made to look into different problems such as water problem, sanitation, etc.
- The people who are in power means the chief minister and the minister need to take actions. They do so through different departments such as the Public Works Department, the Agriculture Department, the Health Department, the Education Department.
- The chief minister and other ministers also have to answer questions that are asked in the Legislative Assembly and convince people asking the questions that what proper steps are being taken.
- The government can also decide to make new laws for the state regarding sanitation and health facilities.
- Laws for the entire country are made in the Parliament.
- In a democracy, it is the people who elect their representatives as Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs). Hence, it is the people who have the main authority.
→ A Wallpaper Project:
A wallpaper is an interesting activity through which research can be done on particular topics of interest.