# JAC Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 13.3

Jharkhand Board JAC Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 13.3 Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

## JAC Board Class 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 13.3

Page-121

Question 1.
Diameter of the base of a cone is 10.5 cm and its slant height is 10 cm. Find its curved surface area.
Radius (r) = $$\frac{10.5}{2}$$ cm = 5.25 cm

Slant height (l) = 10 cm
Curved surface area of the cone = (πrl) cm2
= ($$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 5.25 × 10) cm2
= 165 cm2

Question 2.
Find the total surface area of a cone, if its slant height is 21 m and diameter of its base is 24 m.
Ans. Radius (r) = $$\frac{24}{2}$$ m = 12 m
Slant height (l) = 21 m
Total surface area of the cone = πr (l + r) m2
= $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 12 × (21 + 12) m2
= $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 12 × 33 m2= 1244.57 m2

Question 3.
Curved surface area of a cone is 308 cm2 and its slant height is 14 cm. Find
(i) radius of the base and
(ii) total surface area of the cone.
(i) Curved surface of a cone = 308 cm2
Slant height (l) = 14 cm
Let r be the radius of the base
∴ πrl = 308
⇒ $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × r × 14 = 308
⇒ 44r = 308
⇒ r = $$\frac{308}{\frac{22}{7} \times 14}$$ = 7 cm.

(ii) TSA of the cone = πr(l + r) cm2
= $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 7 × (14 + 7) cm2
= (22 × 21) cm2
= 462 cm2

Question 4.
A conical tent is 10 m high and the radius of its base is 24 m. Find:
(i) slant height of the tent.
(ii) cost of the canvas required to make the tent, if the cost of 1 m2 canvas is ₹ 70.
(i) Radius of the base (r) = 24 m
Height of the conical tent (h) = 10 m
Let l be the slant height of the cone.
∴ l2 = h2 + r2
⇒ l = $$\sqrt{\mathrm{h}^2+\mathrm{r}^2}=\sqrt{10^2+24^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{100 +576}$$ = 26 m

(ii) Canvas required to make the conical tent = Curved surface of the cone
= πrl = $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 24 × 26 m2 = $$\frac{13728}{7}$$ m

Cost of 1 m2 canvas = ₹ 70
∴ Cost of canvas = ₹ $$\frac{13728}{7}$$ × 70
= ₹ 137280

Question 5.
What length of tarpaulin 3 m wide will be required to make conical tent of height 8 m and base radius 6 m? Assume that the extra length of material that will be required for stitching margins and wastage in cutting is approximately 20 cm (Use π = 3.14)
Radius of the base (r) = 6 m
Height of the conical tent (h) = 8 m
Let l be the slant height of the cone.
∴ l = $$\sqrt{\mathrm{h}^2+\mathrm{r}^2}$$ = $$\sqrt{10^2+24^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{100}$$ = 10 m

CSA of conical tent = πrl = (3.14 x 6 x 10) m2 = 188.4 m2
Breadth of tarpaulin = 3 m
Let length of tarpaulin sheet required be x.
20 cm will be wasted in cutting.
So, the length will be (x – 0.2) m
Area of sheet = CSA of tent
⇒ [(x – 0.2) m × 3] m2 = 188.4 m2
⇒ x – 0.2 = 62.8
⇒ x = 63 m
∴ Length of tarpaulin sheet required = 63 m.

Question 6.
The slant height and base diameter of a conical tomb are 25 m and 14 m respectively. Find the cost of white-washing its curved surface at the rate of ₹ 210 per 100 m².

Ans. Radius (r) = $$\frac{14}{2}$$ m = 7 m
Slant height of the tomb (l) = 25 m
Curved surface area = πrl m2
= $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 25 × 7 m2= 550 m2

Rate of white-washing = ₹ 210 per 100 m2
Total cost of white-washing the tomb = ₹ (550 × $$\frac{210}{100}$$) = ₹ 1155

Question 7.
A joker’s cap is in the form of a right circular cone of base radius 7 cm and height 24 cm. Find the area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps.
Ans.
Radius of the cone (r) = 7 cm
Height of the cone (h) = 24 cm
Let l be the slant height
∴ l = $$\sqrt{\mathrm{h}^2+\mathrm{r}^2}$$ = $$\sqrt{24^2+7^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{625}$$ = 25 m

Sheet required for one cap = Curved surface of the cone
= πrl cm2
= $$\frac{22}{7}$$ × 7 × 25 cm2
= 550 cm2

Sheet required for 10 caps = 550 × 10 cm2 = 5500 cm2

Question 8.
A bus stop is barricaded from the remaining part of the road, by using 50 hollow cones made of recycled cardboard. Each cone has a base diameter of 40 cm and height 1 m. If the outer side of each of the cones is to be painted and the cost of painting is ₹ 12 per m2, what will be the cost of painting all these cones?
(Use n = 3.14 and take Vl.04 = 1.02)
Radius of the cone (r) = $$\frac{40}{2}$$ cm = 20 cm = 0.2 m
l = $$\sqrt{\mathrm{h}^2+\mathrm{r}^2}$$ = $$\sqrt{1^2+0.2^2}$$
= $$\sqrt{1.04}$$ = 1.02 m