JAC Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights
I. Objective Type Questions
1. Which of the following countries had a major terrorist attack an 11 September 2001?
(a) United states of America
(d) South Africa
(a) United states of America
2. Which of the following countries is ruled by a dynasty?
(b) Saudi Arabia
(b) Saudi Arabia
3. Kosovo was a province of which of the following countries before its split?
(d) Saudi Arabia
4. Which one of the following is a Fundamental Right in India?
(a) Right to freedom of religion
(b) Right against Exploitation
(c) Cultural and Educational rights
(d) All of these
(d) All of these
5. When was the national human rights commission established in India?
II. Very Short Answer Type Questions
What was the reason given by United States of America for imprisoning people at guantanamo bay?
United States of America considered the people as their enemies and linked them to the attack on New York on 11th September, 2001.
Which body exposed to the world that prisoners at guantanama bay were being tortured in ways that violated the US law.
What was Milosavic’s attitude towards the albanians?
Milosavic was a narrow-minded Serb nationalist, who wanted serbs to dominate the albanians as his government was hostile to the kosovo albanions.
What is meant by the term‘Right’.
Rights are reasonable claims of person recognised by society and sanctioned by law.
What is the need of rights in a democracy. Give a reason.
Rights are necessary for the very systenance of democracy.
Define Fundamental Rights.
Basic human rights guaranteed in the constitution are called Fundamental Rights. Articles 12 to 35 of the constitution deal with fundamental Rights.
How many fundamental Rights does the Indian constitution provide?
Indian constitution provides six fundamental rights.
Which articles of the constitution deal with Fundamental Rights?
Articles 12 to 35.
According to which fundamental right, the public places should be accessible to all the persons?
Under right to equality, the public places should be accessible to all the persons.
Mention any four freedoms given in the constitution of India.
- Freedom of speech and expression,
- Assembly for peaceful manner.
What do you understand by human trafficking?
gale and purchase of human beings‘is called human trafficking?
What is meant by the term‘Begar’?
‘Begar’ is a practice where the worker is forced to render service to the ‘master’ free
The fundamental rights, which ensures the ban on bounded labour is ‘Right against exploitation’.
What is the minimum age below which no one can employ a child?
The constitution prohibits child labour. No one can employ a child below the age of 14 to work in any factory.
What is a secular state?
ln a secular state, no religion can get any privilege or favour and there is no official
If our fundamental rights are violated, where can we seek the remedy?
if our fundamental rights are violated, we seek remedy from the supreme court or high court.
Who called the right to constitutional remedies, the heart and soul of our constitution?
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar called the right to constitutions remedies, ‘the heart and soul’ of our constitution.
Can a law violating fundamental rights be made?
There can be no law or action that violates the fundamental rights.
What is writs?
A formal document containing an order of the court to the government issued only by high court or the supreme court is called writs.
“From time to time, the courts gave judgements to expand the scope of rights.” What are these rights?
- Right to freedom of press
- Right to informations
- Right to education
- Right to food.
Who has the responsibility to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of 14 years?
The governments are responsible for providing free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of 14 years.
Name any two political rights.
- Right to vote,
- Right to contest election.
Give any twro features of fundamental rights.
Two important features of fundamental rights are that these are limited and these can be suspended during emergency.
What are Human Rights?
The Human Rights are such essential conditions of life, without which no person can be a human being in the real sense. These are natural to man like the breath in his nostrils. Any denial of these human rights means to the denial of existence of man himself.
III. Short Answer Type Questions
Who was Milosevic? What was his government’ policy towards the albanians?”
Milosevic was a narrow-minded serb nationalist leader who won elections in
Yugoslavia. His government behaved very harshly towards the Albanians of kosovo. The population as over whelming ethnic albanians in kosovo. But the serb people were in abundance throughout the country. He wanted the serbs to have complete control over the country.
What are rights? Why is it said that right comes with an obligation to respect others rights? Explain.
Right: Rights are the reasonable claims of persons recognised by society and sanctioned by law. Rights come with an obligation to respect other’s rights as.
- All of us want to live happily, without fear and without being subjected to degraded treatments .
- For this we expect others to behave in such a way that does not harm us.
- So a right is possible when we make a claim that is equally possible for others.
- The claims should be reasonable and such that can be available to others in equal measure.
Why do we need rights in a democracy? Describe it.
Rights are necessary for the very sustance of a democracy. Without rights, democracy will become meaningless and ineffective. For democratic elections, it is necessary that citizens should have the right to express their opinions, form political parties and take part in political activities. Rights protect minorities from the oppression of majority.
They ensure the majority cannot do whatever it likes. The government is expected to protect citizen’s rights. But sometimes elected government may not protect or may even attack the rights of their own citizens. So, some rights need to be placed higher than the government so that it cannot violate them.
Mention the Fundamental Rights which have been provided to the citizens by the constitution.
- Right to Equality (Articles 14 to 18)
- Right to Freedom (Articles 19 to 22)
- Right against Exploitation (Articles 23 and 24)
- Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles 25 to 28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles 29 and 30)
- Right to constitutional Remedies (Articles 32)
Mention any two exceptions to the Right to equality.
The Right to Equality contains two exceptions, which are as follows:
- The state can make special provisions for women and children, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and backward classes. These sections of our society need special protection because, often, they have been the victims of unequal treatment.
- The state can reserve some posts in the government offices of SCs, STs and OBCs.
What are the various aspects of ‘Right to Equality’?
The various aspects of ‘Right to Equality’ are as follows:
1. Equality before Law:
The constitution guarantees that all citizens are equal before law. There is no discrimination on the basis of race, caste, sex or
place of birth. The state cannot discriminate against anyone in the matter of employment.
2. Protection of Weaker Sections:
The right to equality gives special provisions for women and children.
In legislatures, educational institution and government offices, some seats are reserved for the persons belonging to the weaker sections of society.
4. Ban on Untouchability:
Untouchability has been made an offence. Anyone who practises untouchability is liable to punishment. No citizen can be denied across to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment
“Right to Freedom” is a cluster of six rights. Mention these rights.
The Article 19 gives six fundamental freedoms, which are given below:
- Freedom of speech and expression.
- Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms.
- Freedom to form association or unions.
- Freedom of movement throughout India.
- Freedom to reside and settle in any part of India.
- Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation.
What are the rules to be followed while arresting or detaining a person?
The following rules have to be followed while arresting or detaining a person.
- A person who is arrested and detained in custody will have to be informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention.
- A person who is arrested and detained shall be produced before the nearest
magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest.
- Such a person has the right to cousult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defence.
Which provisions are made in the constitution to prevent exploitation of the weaker sections.
Following are the three provisions made in constitution to prevent exploitation of the weaker sections.
- The constitution prohibits traffic in human beings especially the weaker sections.
- The constitution also prohibits child labour. No one can employ a child below the age of 14 to work in any factory or mine or any hazardous work.
- The constitution prohibits forced labour or begar in any form because begar is a practice where the worker is forced to render service to the master free of charge or at a nominal remuneration.
Mention any three features of Right to Freedom of Religion.
‘India is a secular state’. Justify by giving examples.
India is a secular state because the Indian constitution provides us Right to Freedom of Religion under Article 25 to 28 with the objective to sustain the principle of secularism in the country. Right to Freedom of Religion provides religious freedom to all the citizens of India. The main declaration of this Right are as under:
- All religions are equal before the state and no religion will be given preference over the other.
- Citizens are free to practice their respective religions.
- No state can run institutions which can give religious education. Religious communities can set up charitable institutions of their own. However, there could be activities in such institutions are performed according to the laws laid down by the government.
Explain the Right to Cultural and Educational rights.
India is a multi-religious, multi-lingual and multi-cultural nation, each having its own identity and characteristics. To preserve these diversities, it is natural to grant the following cultural and Educational Rights to the minorities and other communities.
1. Right to conserve the Language, Script and Culture (Article 29):
Under this Right minorities have the right to conserve their distinct language, script or culture, and to join state-owned or state-aided institution without discriminations.
2. Right to Establish Educational Institutions (Article 30):
Under this, each minority group has a right to establish and administer educational institutions of its choice. The state shall not discriminate between minorities while granting aid to their educational institutions.
How does constitution safeguard Fundamental Rights?
Explain the Right which protects all other Rights.
What do you mean by the ‘Right to Constitutional Remedy’?
Right to Constitutional Remedy is the Right which protects all other Rights.
- The constitution States that the courts have a duty to protect citizens’ rights.
- Every citizen has a right to go to a court to enforce his fundamental rights.
- He can challenge any act of the Government against his fundamental rights.
- Courts can issue orders to the government in case of violation of the fundamental rights.
- These court orders are known as Writs.
The right to constitutional remedies is the ‘heart and soul’ of the Indian constitution”. Justify the statement.
Why did Br. B.R. Ambedkar call the right to constitutional remedies the heart and soul of our constitution?
The right to constitution remedies is the heart and soul of the indian constitution was said by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar because.
- When any of our rights is violated we can seek remedy through courts. If it is a fundamental right, we can directly approach or the supreme court or the high court of the state.
- If any act of legislature or executive takes already or limits any of the fundamental rights, it will be invalid. We can challenge such law of the central or the state government in the court of law.
- The supreme court and the high court have the power to issue writs, orders or directions for the enforcements of the fundamental rights.
- Right to constitutional remedies makes other rights effective. This right is the guardian of other rights.
What is National Human Rights Commission? What are its functions?
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is an independent commission. It was set up in 1993 to perform the following functions:
- It can make an independent and credible inquiry into any case of violation of human rights.
- It can inquire into any case of violation or negligence in controlling it by any government officer.
- It can take any step to promote human rights in the country.
- It can summon witnesses and question any government official.
- It can visit any prison for inspection or send its own team for on-the-spot inquiry.
Describe the near rights given to the citizens by the constitution of South Africa?
In South Africa the following new rights have been given by the constitution to its
- Right to privacy So that citizens or their home cannot be searched, their phones cannot be tapped, their communication can not be opened.
- Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well being.
- Right to have access to adequate housing.
- Right to have access to health care services. Sufficient food and water; no one may be refused emergency medical treatment.
Explain the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights.
The following rights were accepted in the international convenant.
- Right to work opportunity to everyone to earn livelihood by working.
- Right to safe and healthy working conditions, fair wages that can provide decent standard of living for the workers and their families.
- Right to adequate standard of living including adequate food, clothing and housing.
- Right to health: medical care during illness, special care for worsen during child birth and prevention of epidemics.
- Right to education: free and compulsory primary education, equal access to higher education.
IV. Long Answer Type Questions
What was the Amnesty International’s report regarding the prisoners in Guantanamo Bay? Describe
Explain the condition of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay
condition of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay About 600 people were secretly picked up the United States of America’s forces from all over the world and put in a prison Guantanamo Bay, and area near Cuba controlled by American Navy. The Americ, Government said they were enemies of the USA and linked them to the attack 01 New York (USA) on 11th September 2001.
In most cases, the governments of their countries were not asked or even informed about their imprisonment. Families of prisoners, media or even United Nations Organization’s representatives were not allowed to meet them. The USA army arrested them, interrogated them and decided whether to keep them there or not. There was no trial before any magistrate in the USA. Even the prisoners could not approach courts in their own country.
Amnesty International’s Report The amnesty International reported that the prisoners were being tortured in ways that violated the united nations organization’s laws. They were being denied the treatment that even prisoners of war must get as per international treaties. Prisoners were not released even after they were officially declared not guilty. An independent inquiry by the UN supported these findings.
The rights of citizens are being violated in Saudi Arabia justify this statement.
The rights of citizens are being violated in Saudi Arabia. This is clear from the following facts.
- The country is ruled by a hereditary king and the people hance no role in electing or changing their rulers.
- The king selects the legislature as well as the executive. He appoints the judges and can change any of their decisions.
- Citizens cannot form political parties or any political organizations. Media cannot report anything that the monarch does not like.
- There is no freedom of religions. Every citizen is required to be muslim. Non- muslim residents can follow their religion in private, but not in public.
- Women are subjected to many public restrictions. The testimony of one man is considered equal to that of two women.
What fundamental rights are given by the Indian constitution to the citizens? Describe in detail.
The Indian constitution has given 6 fundamental rights to the citizens.
1. Right to equality (Articles. 14-18)
2. Right to freedom (Articles. 19-22)
3. Right against exploitation (Articles. 23-24)
4. Right to freedom of religion. (Articles. 25-28)
5. Cultural and Educational right (Articles. 29-30) and
6. Right to constitutional remedies. (Articles. 23-35)
1. The right to equality includes equality before the law the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, gender or place of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of employment, the abolition of untouchability and abolition of titles.
2. The right of freedom includes freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or union or cooperatives, movement.
Residence, and right to practice any profession or oecupat ;on.
3. The right against exploitation prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour and trafficking of human beings.
4. The right of freedom of religion includes freedom of conscience and free profession,
practice, and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom from certain taxes and freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutes. .
5. Cultural and educational rights preserve the right of any section of citizens to conserve their culture, language or script, and right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
6. The right to constitutional remedies is present for enforcement of fundamental right. This right makes other rights effective. When any of the fundamental rights are violated, then citizens can directly approach the supreme court or the high courts. Both courts have the power to writs for the enforcement of the rights.
What are the freedom provided by the Indian constitution to every citizen? Describe any one.
The indian constitution has provided the following freedoms to every citizen:
- Freedom of speech and expression.
- Assembly in a peaceful manner.
- Form associations and unions.
- Move freely through out the country.
- Reside in any part of the country.
- Practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
Freedom of speech and expression:
Freedom of speech and expression is a fundamental human right. It reinforces all other human rights, allowing society to develop and progress. Freedom of speech and expression means the right to express One’s own convictions and opinions freely by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other mode.
We may express our views through pamphlets, magzines, news papers, paintings, poetry or songs. How ever, we can not use this freedom to stimulate violence against others and excite people to rebel against government. Neither can we use it to against other’s by saying false and mean things that cause to a person’s reputation. “This right is available only to a citizen of India and not the foreign nationals.